History and Languages of the Internet


The Internet was not created by one single person it was created and improved over time by lots of different people. It was first created in the early 1960s during the cold war. It was used by the american goverment as a weapon. The idea was that because the internet spidered out and messages could take many paths. This means that if the enemy bommed certain parts of the country communication could still take place as the message would find a new route. Scientists and researchers also used it to communicate and share data with one another. The first version was called the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and was made by Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider in 1962. From then it developed into the ARPNET and other versions. Today the protocol used in the world wide web is called TCP/IP. TCP/IP was invented and developed by a man called Vinton Cerf.

How are modern websites made?

Modern Websites are made useing multiple programming languages. These langueges include:

HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) - HTML is the backbone of all websites. It stuctures and formats content on the page like titles and links. It is what i am writing in at the moment.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheet) - CSS is the styling of the websites it allows the develper to define how the page looks through color, alignment and fonts.

Javascript - This is the web programming language that allows animation, games and user input to how the website behaves. It creates a dynamic web app.

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) - This is a server side scripting language. It is exacuted on the server when the web page is loaded. It is compatible acroos multiple platforms and is open source